January 25, 2019
We are currently in the midst of a diabetes epidemic, with numbers of newly diagnosed cases continuing to rise. Dietary habits have a significant impact on blood glucose control, with extensive literature suggesting that structured dietary restriction may be effective in supporting body composition changes and improved blood glucose control in T2DM.
The CSIRO released trial findings involving a lower carbohydrate diet and exercise program for people living with type 2 diabetes. The low carbohydrate diet showed some additional benefits – greater reductions in their diabetes medication requirements, greater improvements in their blood lipid profile and better blood glucose stability.
Be Fit Food conducted a study investigating the impact of one-week of Be Fit Food on body composition and blood glucose control in Type 2 Diabetes patients.
Ten patients with Type 2 Diabetes consumed a self-selected diet (their usual diet) for one week, followed by one-week of a Be Fit Food delivered meal program. Body composition (percentages of fat, bone, water and muscle) was assessed using Tanita BC100 Bio-Electrical Impedance Analysis.
Patients monitored their blood glucose levels as part of their habitual Diabetes management, using a continuous glucose monitor. Data was used to determine fasting, post-meal, average, and peak blood glucose. After checking for normality, data was analysed using paired-sample t-tests. Significance was set at p<0.05. A significant reduction in body mass was observed after BeFit (-3.4kg) compared with the self-selected diet (-0.8kg) (p=0.017). There were no significant differences in body fat mass, visceral fat and waist circumference.
Adhering to Be Fit Food resulted in a lower daily average (6.1±1.5mMol/L vs. 7.5±1.9, p=0.015), lower peak (9.9±2.4mMol/L vs. 14.1±6.3, p=0.045), lower post-prandial lunch (7.2±1.9mMol/L vs. 9.3±2.3, p=0.048), and lower post-prandial dinner (7.0±1.3mMol/L vs. 9.6±2.3, p=0.015) blood glucose concentration compared with the self-selected diet, respectively.
Such blood glucose profiles accounted for a significantly reduced estimated % A1c on BeFit (5.5±0.9%), compared with the self-selected diet (6.4±1.1%) (p=0.010). This preliminary data provides some evidence that a one-week period of a Be Fit Food delivered meal program improved glycaemic control in diabetic patients, despite no substantial changes in body composition (i.e., body fat mass and distribution). A larger clinical trial is warranted to establish the translational impact to the wider DM population.
For more information on how Be Fit Food can help you or your client with diabetes management, please contact one of our Be Fit Food dietitians on 1300 263 257 or email firstname.lastname@example.org